When it comes to contraception, everyone can say a few: condoms, contraceptives, birth control rings, safe periods… Although I don’t know how much everyone knows about these contraceptive methods.
Today I want to share with you 17 contraceptive methods! 17 kinds! ! ! Regardless of whether you are a novice or an old driver, come and learn, you won’t suffer if you learn, and you won’t be fooled~~Learning is endless~~
Based on factors such as contraceptive effect, comfort and convenience, the following recommendations are comprehensively recommended:
1. Male condoms
Recommended index ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐
The status of the male condom in all kinds of contraceptive methods, I personally say that it can be called NO1. Its contraceptive principle is to trap sperm to prevent it from entering the vagina, which is a barrier method of contraception.
Contraceptive index: 82%-98%
Advantages: both contraceptive and effective against sexually transmitted infections; cheap and easy to carry.
Disadvantages: Some people may be allergic to its material; incorrect use may break or fall off.
Note: Male condoms should be used the entire time, not until you feel like you are about to ejaculate.
2. Combination short-acting oral contraceptives
Recommended index: ⭐⭐⭐⭐
The compound short-acting oral contraceptive is a hormonal contraceptive method. From the first day of menstruation, take one tablet at the same time every day, take it continuously for 21 days, stop for 7 days, and then start taking it again. Its contraceptive principle is to suppress ovarian ovulation through hormones, thicken cervical mucus to prevent sperm from combining with eggs, and make endometrial decidualization, which is not conducive to the implantation of fertilized eggs.
Contraceptive index: 91%-99%
Advantages: high effectiveness; easy to use; does not affect the sexual experience.
Disadvantages: Medication must be taken on time every day, even if there is no sex life; it cannot prevent sexually transmitted infections; there may be some drug side effects, such as breast tenderness, nausea, changes in menstrual cycle, mood swings, etc.
There are different types of compound short-acting oral contraceptives to choose from. If necessary, it is recommended to consult a doctor to choose the most suitable one.
3. Intrauterine system
Recommended index: ⭐⭐⭐⭐
An intrauterine system is a small, flexible T-shaped device with a reservoir containing progesterone that, when placed in the uterus, continuously releases a tiny amount of progesterone, which thickens the cervical mucus to stop sperm from moving freely, while It can also thin the lining of the uterus.
Contraceptive index: 99%
Advantages: Once placed, the validity period is 3 to 5 years; it can be taken out at any time, and fertility can be quickly restored after taking out;
Disadvantages: In the first 6 months, side effects such as headache, vaginal spotting, breast tenderness, and uterine colic may occur; medical staff evaluation and operation are required, and there is a very low risk of infection; sexually transmitted diseases cannot be prevented.
The IUD is somewhat similar to the intrauterine system. It is a small T-shaped device containing copper wires or copper posts. After being placed in the uterus, copper ions are released to affect sperm activity, embryotoxicity, and affect embryo implantation.
Contraceptive index: 99%
Advantages: It can be placed for 5 to 10 years; it can be taken out at any time, and pregnancy can be achieved after taking it out for 3 months; the efficiency is very high.
Disadvantages: In the first 6 months, there may be side effects such as increased menstrual flow, spotting, waist and abdomen pain, and increased leucorrhea; it cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
5. Female condoms
Recommended index: ⭐⭐
There are males and females. The female condom is the same as the male condom. It is also a barrier contraceptive method, but it is worn in the female vagina. Similarly, if you choose to use a condom for contraception, regardless of whether it is used by men or women, it is used every time and cannot be used repeatedly!
Contraceptive index: 79%-95%
Advantages: similar to male condoms; easy to carry; effective against sexually transmitted diseases.
Disadvantages: Not as effective as male condoms; because it needs to be placed into the vagina, it requires practice to master the use method; it may also break during use.
Do not use both male and female condoms, this will not only not increase the effectiveness of contraception, but may cause the condom to break due to friction, and the comfort will not be good.
6. Safe Period
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During a woman’s menstrual cycle, there are a few days when it is not easy to get pregnant, which is called the rhythm period. The rhythm period contraceptive refers to the way of having sex during this period.
The calculation of the safe period requires that the female physiological cycle is very regular, but the ovulation of women is affected by the environment, emotions, and health conditions, so it is difficult to calculate the safe period accurately. Now some APPs also provide the function of calculating the safe period, as long as you record the first and last day of each menstrual period on time.
Contraceptive effectiveness: 76%-95% (under the premise that women’s menstrual cycle is stable from 6 to 12 months)
Pros: No cost…
Disadvantages: It is necessary to record the menstrual cycle at all times, which is not suitable for people who are “too big”; the inaccurate menstrual cycle directly affects the effectiveness of contraception; only sexual behaviors in the safe period; cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
7. Emergency contraception
Recommended index: ⭐
It is also a hormonal contraceptive method. It is a remedy after unprotected sex or normal contraceptive failure. Its hormone dose is higher than that of short-acting oral contraceptives. It is best to take it within 72 hours. The earlier the contraceptive is taken, the better the effect. .
Contraceptive index: >58% (related to the morning and evening of taking the medicine)
Advantages: It can be regarded as a “regret medicine”, giving people who have failed or no contraception a chance to remedy.
Disadvantages: large amount of hormones; possible side effects such as headache, nausea, vomiting, dysmenorrhea; repeated use may disrupt menstruation; cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
8. External ejaculation
Recommendation index: not recommended
External ejaculation refers to the male pulling the penis out of the vagina before ejaculation, which requires very strong self-control, experience, and trust. However, not all sperm will be released during ejaculation, and some sperm will spill out early during intercourse, which means that even after a good external ejaculation, pregnancy may still be possible.
Contraceptive index: about 78%
Pros: No money? ? ?
Disadvantages: Extremely unreliable; requires interruption of sexual activity; does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases.
After introducing the 8 most common contraceptive methods, let’s talk about the methods that most people have not heard, seen or used: contraceptive patch, vaginal contraceptive ring, hypodermic implant, contraceptive injection, vaginal diaphragm, uterus Caps, contraceptives, spermicide, sterilization.
9-12. Contraceptive patches, vaginal contraceptive rings, hypodermic implants, contraceptive injections
All 4 are hormonal contraceptive methods that use estrogen/progestin to prevent ovulation and thicken cervical mucus to prevent sperm from approaching the egg, allowing for higher contraceptive effectiveness.
13-15. Vaginal diaphragm, cervical cap, contraceptive cotton
They come in different shapes, but they are all barrier methods of contraception. Placed in the vagina near the cervix to block sperm from entering the uterus. Place it before sex, and at least 6 hours after the end of sex. In order to improve the contraceptive effect, it needs to be used with spermicide.
Spermicide can create an environment in the body that makes it difficult for sperm to move freely. It cannot be used alone and needs to be used in conjunction with barrier contraceptive methods. Strictly speaking, it is an assisted contraceptive method. Concomitant use of drugs for vaginitis may affect the effect of spermicides, and may cause irritation and allergic reactions.
Sterilization is a permanent method of contraception in which the fallopian tubes are cut or blocked in women and the vas deferens in men. Sterilization only affects the fertility of men and women, not libido and sexuality.
Of all contraceptive methods, sterilization is the one that requires the most careful consideration. Before a woman or man decides to sterilize, she should consult a healthcare provider for advice and make sure she doesn’t regret the sterilization.
Hormonal contraception is more efficient, mostly does not affect sexual experience, and is suitable for partners who have a fixed relationship, regular sexual life, and value sexual experience;
Compared with the barrier contraceptive method, there is no need to worry about hormonal side effects. When choosing, it is recommended that you use male condoms and use them throughout the process;
Rhythm contraceptives and extracorporeal ejaculation contraceptives are not very reliable. In addition to strictly following the instructions, you have to seek more for yourself. It is not recommended!
In addition, in the face of various contraceptive methods, if it is still difficult to choose, if you have many doubts, it is better to consult a professional doctor to give you the most suitable advice~